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Basic Crochet Stitches

Basic Crochet Stitiches using British Crochet Stitch Names

The patterns on my site use the British names for stitches. I have used many American Patterns and it is easy to convert. I sometimes find I need to check which the names are before starting to work because I have used both systems and sometimes forget which is what.

Check American Sitch Names

Chain Stitch (ch)

Chain Stitch (ch)

Chain stitch is made by catching under yarn held by left hand and drawing through the loop on your crochet hook.

Turning Chain Stitch (ch)

Turning chain stitches are used when you are making a project worked in rows like an afghan and you need some chain stitches to bring you up to the level of stitching for the next row and they count as the first stitch. You stitch into the second stitch of the row, missing one, to compensate for the added stitch caused by chaining, otherwise you would be increasing one stitch each row..

Several chain stitches are also sometimes used for the first stitch when you are crocheting rounds (as in snowflake) to take you up to the next row of crochet and also replace one of the stitches in the next round.

Double Crochet - 2 turning chain
Half Treble - 2 turning chain
Treble - 3 turning chain
Double Treble - 4 turning chain
Triple Treble - 5 turning chain

This chart shows the general rule for the chaining appropriate for each stitch. The longer the stitch the more chains.

Double Crochet (dc)

Double Crochet (dc)

Make the required number of chain stitches plus 2 turning chain (usually called chain).

To make a double crochet (dc) insert hook into chain, yarn round hook (yrh) and draw it through loop (two loops on hook), yarn round hook (yrh), and draw through both loops (one loop on hook)

Treble Crochet (tr)

Treble Crochet (tr)

To make a treble crochet (tr), yarn round hook (yrh) insert hook into chain, yarn round hook (yrh) and draw it through loop (three loops on hook), yarn round hook (yrh), and draw through two loops (two loops on hook), yarn round hook (yrh) and draw through last two loops (one loop on hook)

Half Treble Crochet (htr)

The half treble starts exactly the same way as the treble stitch.

To make a Half treble crochet (htr), yarn round hook (yrh), insert hook into chain, yarn round hook (yrh) and draw it through loop (three loops on hook), yarn round hook (yrh), and draw through all three loops (one loop on hook)

This stitch makes a thicker and more dense fabric.

Double Treble Crochet (tr)

Double Treble Crochet (dtr)

To make a double treble crochet (dtr), yarn round hook twice (2yrh), insert hook into chain, yarn round hook (yrh) and draw it through loop (four loops on hook), yarn round hook (yrh), and draw through two loops (three loops on hook), yarn round hook (yrh) and draw through two loops (two loops on hook), yarn round hook (yrh) and draw through two loops (one loop on hook).

Triple Treble Crochet (trp tr)

This stitch works in the same way as the Double Treble Crochet except the yarn passes three times around the hook and is worked off, two loops at a time until one loop remains on the hook.

Quadruple Treble Crochet (quad tr)

This stitch works in the same way as the Double Treble Crochet except the yarn passes four times around the hook and is worked off, two loops at a time until one loop remains on the hook.

Treble round Treble Crochet

Treble around Treble Crochet

This stitch is used in designs where a deeply ridged effect is desired. Make the ridge by working round the treble in the previous row, instead of working into the chain at the top of the stitches. The ridge is made by the top chain on the previous row being left free on the reverse side of the work.

Treble between Treble Crochet

Treble between Treble Crochet

To crochet with the stitches alternating more definitely, work into the space between the trebles in the previous row.

The last two stitches show how you can change the appearance of a familiar stitch by varying the way you insert the hook.

Single Crochet or Slip Stitch

Single Crochet or Slip Stitch to close a Circle of Chain Stitches

Single Crochet or
Slip Stitch

This stitch is used for joins or in fancy patterns, and it is the shortest in height of all the crochet stitches.

The slip stitch is used to join the ends of a chain to make a circle, which is the most common way to start any of the patterns starting from the middle, including circles, rosettes, ovals and granny squares.

 

 

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